O Himno Galego. Documentos Históricos (1890-1907)


Ferreiro, Manuel

Research lines

Literary and culture studies





Date of publishment



In most of Europe, the main emblems and signs of national identity were established in the 19th century. In Galicia, as elsewhere, the definition of a trio of national symbols – flag, coat of arms and anthem – represented a declaration of identity and sovereignty (real or desired) by a nation with its own history, its own way of thinking, and the will to exist and survive in its own right.

O Himno Galego. Documentos históricos is a facsimile collection of documents relating to the composition and creation of the Galician national anthem. The collection includes: the handwritten manuscript of the poem, ‘Os Pinos’, by Eduardo Pondal, including final corrections and two new stanzas added just before the poem’s completion (VIII and IX); the musical score composed by Pascual Veiga for the 1890 competition; the official terms and conditions of the competition; and a selection of correspondence between Pondal and Veiga, chronicling the process by which ‘Os Pinos’ came into being.